Incorporation of deuterium-labeled fatty acids into human milk, plasma, and lipoprotein phospholipids and cholesteryl esters.

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      Fatty acid metabolism and the contribution of dietary fatty acids to milk cholesteryl ester (CE) and phospholipid (PL) were investigated in normal lactating mothers. The approach used was to feed mixtures of triglycerides containing deuterium-labeled palmitic acid (16:0-2H2), oleic acid (18:1-2H6), and linoleic acid (18:2-2H4). Milk and plasma samples were collected for 72 hr. Triglyceride (TG), CE, and PL fractions from milk, plasma, and lipoprotein were isolated and analyzed by gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Data for the milk CE and PL fractions showed a definite selectivity for incorporation of 16:0-2H2 and 18:1-2H6 relative to 18:2-2H4. Based on the ratios of the deuterated fatty acids incorporated into the milk CE and PL samples, their incorporation times and isotopic enrichment data, it appears that these fatty acids are supplied mainly by the TG derived from chylomicrons and very low density lipoproteins. Plasma and lipoprotein CE data showed a progressive increase in 18:2-2H4 content, with 16:0-2H2 and 18:1-2H4 remaining relatively constant over the collection period. Plasma and lipoprotein PL data showed a higher rate for incorporation of 18:2-2H4 than 16:0-2H2 and 18:1-2H6 over the course of the sampling period. Comparison to previous data from adult males indicates lactation does not have a major effect on the general metabolism of these fatty acids. An increase with time in the isotopic enrichment of 18:2-2H4 in the plasma and lipoprotein CE and PL samples was observed which is consistent with in vitro selectivities reported for lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase and phosphatidylcholine acyltransferase.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


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