JLR Patient-Oriented and Epidemiological Research
PCSK9 loss-of-function variants and Lp(a) phenotypes among black US adultsThe pharmacologic inhibition of proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) lowers lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] concentrations. However, the impact of genetic PCSK9 loss-of-function variants (LOFVs) on Lp(a) is uncertain. We determined the association of PCSK9 LOFVs with Lp(a) measures among black adults. Genotyping for PCSK9 LOFVs was conducted in 10,196 black Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study participants. Among 241 participants with and 723 randomly selected participants without PCSK9 LOFVs, Lp(a) concentations, apo(a) kringle IV (KIV) repeats (a proxy for isoform size), and oxidized phospholipid (OxPL) apoB levels were measured using validated methods.
Genetic meta-analysis of 15,901 African Americans identifies variation in EXOC3L1 is associated with HDL concentrationMeta-analyses of European populations has successfully identified genetic variants in over 150 loci associated with lipid levels, but results from additional ethnicities remain limited. Previously, we reported two novel lipid loci identified in a sample of 7,657 African Americans using a gene-centric array including 50,000 SNPs in 2,100 candidate genes. Initial discovery and follow-up of signals with P < 10−5 in additional African American samples confirmed CD36 and ICAM1. Using an additional 8,244 African American female samples from the Women's Health Initiative SNP Health Association Resource genome-wide association study dataset, we further examined the previous meta-analyses results by attempting to replicate 20 additional putative lipid signals with P < 10−4.