JLR Patient-Oriented and Epidemiological Research
Simultaneous analyses of urinary eicosanoids and related mediators identified tetranor-prostaglandin E metabolite as a novel biomarker of diabetic nephropathyDiabetic nephropathy is a major complication of diabetes mellitus, and thus novel biomarkers are desired to evaluate the presence and progression of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, we sought to identify possible metabolites related to diabetic nephropathy among urinary eicosanoids and related mediators. Using liquid chromatogram-tandem mass spectrometry, we optimized the lipid extraction from urine using the Monospin C18 as a solid-phase extraction cartridge and measured the urinary lipid mediators in 111 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus as well as 33 healthy subjects.
Analysis of glycero-lysophospholipids in gastric cancerous ascitesLysophosphatidic acid (LysoPA) has been proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of various cancers. Moreover, glycero-lysophospholipids (glycero-LysoPLs) other than LysoPA are now emerging as novel lipid mediators. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the possible involvement of glycero-LysoPLs in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer by measuring glycero-LysoPLs, autotaxin (ATX), and phosphatidylserine-specific phospholipase A1 (PS-PLA1) in ascites obtained from patients with gastric cancer and those with cirrhosis (as a control).
Different origins of lysophospholipid mediators between coronary and peripheral arteries in acute coronary syndromeLysophosphatidic acids (LysoPAs) and lysophosphatidylserine (LysoPS) are emerging lipid mediators proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In this study, we attempted to elucidate how LysoPA and LysoPS become elevated in ACS using human blood samples collected simultaneously from culprit coronary arteries and peripheral arteries in ACS subjects. We found that: 1) the plasma LysoPA, LysoPS, and lysophosphatidylglycerol levels were not different, while the lysophosphatidylcholine (LysoPC), lysophosphatidylinositol, and lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LysoPE) levels were significantly lower in the culprit coronary arteries; 2) the serum autotaxin (ATX) level was lower and the serum phosphatidylserine-specific phospholipase A1 (PS-PLA1) level was higher in the culprit coronary arteries; 3) the LysoPE and ATX levels were significant explanatory factors for the mainly elevated species of LysoPA, except for 22:6 LysoPA, in the peripheral arteries, while the LysoPC and LysoPE levels, but not the ATX level, were explanatory factors in the culprit coronary arteries; and 4) 18:0 and 18:1 LysoPS were significantly correlated with PS-PLA1 only in the culprit coronary arteries.