Regular Research Articles
Pulmonary surfactant protein B carried by HDL predicts incident CVD in patients with type 1 diabetesAtherosclerotic CVD is the major cause of death in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Alterations in the HDL proteome have been shown to associate with prevalent CVD in T1DM. We therefore sought to determine which proteins carried by HDL might predict incident CVD in patients with T1DM. Using targeted MS/MS, we quantified 50 proteins in HDL from 181 T1DM subjects enrolled in the prospective Coronary Artery Calcification in Type 1 Diabetes study. We used Cox proportional regression analysis and a case-cohort design to test associations of HDL proteins with incident CVD (myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, angioplasty, or death from coronary heart disease).
Comparison between genetic and pharmaceutical disruption of Ldlr expression for the development of atherosclerosisAntisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) against Ldl receptor (Ldlr-ASO) represent a promising strategy to promote hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis in animal models without the need for complex breeding strategies. Here, we sought to characterize and contrast atherosclerosis in mice given Ldlr-ASO with those bearing genetic Ldlr deficiency. To promote atherosclerosis, male and female C57Bl6/J mice were either given weekly injections of Ldlr-ASO (5 mg/kg once per week) or genetically deficient in Ldlr (Ldlr−/−).
Conformational flexibility of apolipoprotein A-I amino- and carboxy-termini is necessary for lipid binding but not cholesterol effluxBecause of its critical role in HDL formation, significant efforts have been devoted to studying apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1) structural transitions in response to lipid binding. To assess the requirements for the conformational freedom of its termini during HDL particle formation, we generated three dimeric APOA1 molecules with their termini covalently joined in different combinations. The dimeric (d)-APOA1C-N mutant coupled the C-terminus of one APOA1 molecule to the N-terminus of a second with a short alanine linker, whereas the d-APOA1C-C and d-APOA1N-N mutants coupled the C-termini and the N-termini of two APOA1 molecules, respectively, using introduced cysteine residues to form disulfide linkages.