Regular Research Articles
EPA and DHA containing phospholipids have contrasting effects on membrane structureOmega-3 FAs EPA and DHA influence membrane fluidity, lipid rafts, and signal transduction. A clinical trial, Reduction of Cardiovascular Events with Icosapent Ethyl—Intervention Trial, demonstrated that high-dose EPA (4 g/d icosapent ethyl) reduced composite cardiovascular events in statin-treated high-risk patients. EPA benefits correlated with on-treatment levels, but similar trials using DHA-containing formulations did not show event reduction. We hypothesized that differences in clinical efficacy of various omega-3 FA preparations could result from differential effects on membrane structure.
Hepatic deletion of Mboat7 (LPIAT1) causes activation of SREBP-1c and fatty liverGenetic variants that increase the risk of fatty liver disease and cirrhosis have recently been identified in the proximity of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase domain-containing 7 (MBOAT7). To elucidate the link between these variants and fatty liver disease, we characterized Mboat7 liver-specific KO mice (Mboat7 LSKO). Chow-fed Mboat7 LSKO mice developed fatty livers and associated liver injury. Lipidomic analysis of liver using MS revealed a pronounced reduction in 20-carbon PUFA content in phosphatidylinositols (PIs) but not in other phospholipids.